Course Description:

Mathematical computations are essential in the practice of pharmacy operations.
It is also a

requirement for the competency of pharmacy technicians. This skill is the
foundation for the filling

of prescription orders, calculating doses and operating the financial and
ordering aspects of the

pharmacy,

This course includes fundamentals of mathematical calculations, units and
measures as well as

conversions, calculating drug dosages, reducing or enlarging formulas, percent
preparations,

dilutions and concentrations, various types of solutions or emulsions, whether
electrolytes or

isotonic.

Objectives and performance expectations:

Upon completion of this course, the student should be able to:

1. Use fundamental calculations, decimals, fractions, percentage, proportions
and ratios.

2. Understand and operate the metric, apothecary and avoirdupois systems and be
able to

convert between them.

3. Read and interpret prescription or medication orders, apply mathematical
calculations and

appropriate conversions.

4. Calculate correct drug dosages forms: oral, parenteral mixtures, pediatric,
unit dosage forms,

body surface area medications or nutritionals.

5. Reduce or enlarge formulas for specific prescription or drug medications’
requirements.

6. Calculate quantities needed to prepare solutions or mixtures bases percentage
calculations

of weight per volume, volume per volume, weight per weight.

7. Perform dilutions from concentrated stock solutions of alcohols, acids,
electrolytes or liquid

medications or reagents.

It is expected from the student to comprehend the art of applying numbers
correctly, accurately

and reliably. Learning to read the prescription or order correctly and execute
it perfectly without

errors

Prerequisites:

PHT 170 or current enrollment

MAT 092

Course Outline:

I. Introduction

II. Arithmetic: Fundamentals of Mathematical calculations, equations

III. Measurements: Units and measures for calculation of drug dosages

IV. Interpretation of prescription or medication orders

V. Calculating drug dosages, Compounding/

VI. Reducing or enlarging formulas

VII. Percentage preparations

VIII. Preparation of solutions, dilutions and concentrations, parenteral
preparations, IV infusions

IX. Electrolyte and isotonic solutions

X. Calculation based on body mass

XI. Expenses calculations: Dispensing fees, Reimbursements, Billing of compounds

Required Texts:

Text Math Calculations for Pharmacy Technicians; A Work Text; Fulcher & Fulcher
–2007 [F&F]

Auxilliary Pharmacy Math by H. Tilton, PHT171IN Lecture Notes; 3^{rd}
Edition-2007 [Tilton]-

Reference: Pharmaceutical calculations: The Pharmacist Handbook; Ansel &
Prince-2004 [A&P]

Transferability:

Course will not transfer to the state universities but may transfer to

community colleges with similar programs.

Instructor Information:

Michael Heller, B.Pharm, M.S [Chemistry, Biochemistry, Microbiology], and

Ph.D. [Medical Biochemistry, Molecular Biology]

Office Hours: Bldg. E4 - Room 405. Usually 2 hours before classes.

Classroom Procedures:

Instructional Delivery:

Lecture with opportunity for class participation and group discussion.

Make sure to monitor your progress and comprehension, ask your instructor what
your status is,

and if necessary ask for a tutor

Attendance Policy:

This course meets twice a week. Regular attendance is critical in order to fully
grasp the important

subject information and to keep up with this fast moving classroom work.

Homework, Quizzes, Exams:

1. Homework:

HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTS ARE THE EXERCISES AT THE END OF EACH CHAPTER

• Assemble your homework sheets in order. List the sections and due dates below
your name.

Write your homework in clear handwriting or, preferably, type whenever possible.
When you

write your homework, write down the problem, the process of solving [show your
work] and your

final answer. Do not provide the answer ONLY

• Homework will be assigned from the text and workbook and will be due at the
beginning of the

following class. HOMEWORK WILL BE GRADED. Students should view the homework as a
takehome

test.

• Homework may be turned in one week late, but the grade will be reduced by 50
percent.

• Homework not submitted within one week of the due date will not be accepted
and will be

recorded as a “0”.

2. Quizzes: Quizzes may be given from time to time. There will be NO make-up
quizzes.

• Quizzes will be taken in class or at the Testing Center

• Put your name, date and test/quiz number on the Scantron or every page of the
testing sheet,

Number the pages

• The dates of tests and/or quizzes will be announced in advance

3. Take-Home Exams: May be given during the semester to be
done at home with open books and

turned in at a pre-determined date. The take home tests are usually taken from
the certification

examination. If you complete successfully, take home tests not related to
Calculations you may

earn extra points to improve your final grade

1. Finals: will be given in class at the end of the semester and will cover
material from homework,

quizzes and take-home tests

4. Extra Help:

The College provides tutoring at no extra costs. Take advantage. Report to the
Math Tutoring

Center next to the Library and ask for a tutor with Pharmacy Tech. Experience

STUDENTS ARE NOT EXCUSED FROM ANY EXAM(S).

Course Policies:

Academic Integrity: Students are encouraged to work together in and outside of
class and to

participate in classroom problem solving. Students are expected to comply fully
with all of the rules

of academic behavior identified in the P.C.C. Student Guide.

Plagiarism: All work must be your own for homework,
quizzes and exams.

Cheating: ANY student caught cheating in ANY way WILL receive a zero for the
assignment, quiz or

exam and may receive an “F” for the entire course.

Withdrawal: If you withdraw from this class, be sure to withdraw officially at
the Registration desk

by the withdrawal date listed in the Pima College Schedule – April 9, 2007.
Otherwise, you may

receive a grade of “F”. Instructor Withdrawal (“Y”) grade may be given at the
end of the term when

the student makes a written request and circumstances dictate that none of the
other grades is

appropriate. Instructor withdrawal grades are discouraged and will only be
awarded at the

instructor’s discretion in extreme circumstances.

Incomplete (“I”) Grade: Incomplete grades are strongly discouraged and will only
be awarded at the

instructor’s discretion in extreme circumstances.

Grade Determination:

Grading System: Final grade will be based upon the following: | |

Attendance Homework Take-Home Tests Quizzes Finals |
20% 20% 20% 20% 20% |

Letter Grade will be based on the following guidelines: | |

A = B = C = D = F = |
900 –1000 points 800 - 899 points 700 - 799 points 600 - 699 points less than 600 points |

Program Policy: Students who receive less than a "C", MUST
repeat the course.

Course may be repeated ONLY one time.

Anyone not achieving a grade of "C" in a core course after
TWO attempts will be dropped from the

Pharmacy Technology Program.

Classroom Rules: See Pima College Student Guide Book

• Eating, chewing gum and smoking are not allowed.

• Mints and bottled water or water in plastic containers are allowed.

• Possession of drugs, alcohol or firearms on college property is illegal.

• Cell phones and pagers must be turned off.

• Lap-top computers may be used for recording or note-taking purposes.

• Recording devices for note-recording are permitted

• Pets and visitors are not permitted during class meetings.

• Students creating a disturbance will be asked to leave the premises.

• Do not send anything to the printer during Lecture part of class.

Deciding on a Career: You should have a career that you plan to pursue
identified by the end of

your second semester. Your career will determine your major or program of study,
and what

courses you need to take while at Pima. If you are having trouble figuring out a
career that is a good

match for you, get some help. Stop by the Career Center or Information Desk in
Building L and ask

for written material or to see an advisor or counselor. This will get you
to a number of

helpful websites. Call 206-7662 to talk to an advisor or counselor with any
questions.

ADA Accommodations Statement:

Pima Community College strives to comply with the provisions of the Americans
with Disabilities

Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Reasonable accommodations are
available to

qualified students with appropriate disability documentation. To obtain
accommodations, a student

must register with a campus Disabled Student Resources (DSR) office. The student
may then obtain

authorization for specific accommodations and services. All disability-related
information will be

kept confidential. The East Campus DSR Office phone number is 206-7699.

IMPORTANT DATES: | |

Add period | 1/22-28/08 |

Drop/Refund/Audit Deadline | 2/4/08 |

Rodeo Holiday | 2/21-22/08 |

Spring Break | 3/17-23/08 |

Withdrawal | 4/14/08 |

Final Exam Week | 5/14-20/08 |